Understanding The Technology Behind Bitcoin


Bitcoin, also abbreviated as BTC, is one of the best cryptocurrencies that emerged from blockchain technology.

Blockchain technology enables the existence and use of cryptocurrency, a digital means of exchange that uses encrypted data to control the birth of monetary units and verify the transfer of funds. If you’ve been wondering how BTC works, this article talks about the technology behind bitcoin, also known as Blockchain Technology.

Bitcoin And Its Technology

Bitcoin is a completely digital phenomenon that helps to create virtual money through the use of cryptography. A lot of other cryptocurrencies have emerged since the successful introduction of bitcoin.

However, it’s still the most significant cryptocurrency through its capitalization in the market. Bitcoin has held this historical distinction for over a decade. Click here for more details on how to buy and sell bitcoin.

BTC is produced in the same way as any other real and standard currency, with security measures and processes in place to help prevent fraudulent activities and increase the value of the currency. Bitcoin has some major backbones, these are Blockchain, mining, hashes, halving, keys, and wallets. 


A blockchain is a distribution of a database that is apportioned among the nodes of a computer network. A blockchain stores information electronically in digital form. 

This technology is widely known for its function in keeping a safe and decentralized record of transactions in the cryptocurrency system, of which Bitcoin is a major part. 

Information is held together in groups referred to as blocks. These blocks keep a set of data and have specific storage capacities.

When they get filled and cannot collect more, they are shut and then linked to a previously filled block. This linkage forms a chain of data, and that is why it’s called Blockchain.

The cycle continues, and all freshly filled blocks are added to the previously existing chain.

Most of the information on the blockchain for Bitcoin is transactions. The blockchain store transaction lists, for example, Mr. A sends some bitcoins to Mr. B, who also transfers a certain number of bitcoins to Ms. C.

Blockchain Technology helps to align these transactions, and each person knows where they stand. Bitcoin’s Blockchain is public or distributed; that is, anyone can access and download it completely.

Although it’s open to the public, technical measures are in place to keep the ledger up to date.


Mining is how bitcoin’s technology is maintained. A group of miners records the transactions among a network of bitcoin users on the Blockchain.

Mining is very difficult but essential. Without mining, it would be easy for people to hijack transactions and enrich themselves by defrauding others.

The absence of a mining process would make it easy for fraudulent transactions to be added to past blocks, making the network insecure and messy. 


Miners are usually rewarded with bitcoin when they verify blocks of transactions. Every four years, the reward is cut in half for every 210,000 blocks mined.

This process is called Halving. This system is built-in and done to deflate the rate at which new Bitcoin is released into circulation.

Miners still receive incentives by the fees they will charge the network users even when all bitcoin is mined from the codes and halving has finished. 


A hash enables the Bitcoin network to check the validity of a block immediately. Instead of moving through the entire ledger while ensuring that the miner has done the right thing, the previous block’s hash appears within the new block.

Any little change in the detail of the previous block would alter the hash. The process of generating a hash is quick and easy.

Keys And Wallets

Keys and wallets are used by Bitcoin traders and owners to protect their holdings and to take possible security measures. Bitcoin owners own two keys; a public key and a private key.

A public key is just like a username, and a private key is like a password. All your sender needs to know to receive bitcoin is your address. Your public key is derived from your private key, and that’s what you need to send bitcoins to another address.

A wallet is a set of keys used to access bitcoin. A wallet could be a third-party application offering insurance and debit cards or QR codes. 


It has been said that bitcoin is a purely digital phenomenon, and it’s true. Blockchain basically maintains Bitcoin.

Bitcoin owners purchase their cryptocurrency through a bitcoin exchange. These platforms facilitate the transaction of digital currencies, of which bitcoin is a major part. 

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